LANZA Andrea (2009), "Pensare la democrazia nella storia. L'avènement de la démocratie di Marcel Gauchet", Filosofia Politica (3), 489 - 498.
The first two volumes of Avènement de la démocratie (I. La révolution moderne and II. La crise du libéralisme 1880-1914) published in autumn 2007 inaugurate the systematic exposition of Marcel Gauchet's strong theory of democracy understood as a process of historical construction of a society 'departing from religion', namely, in which religion has ceased to be a principle for structuring the social. As a 'political mise en forme of autonomy', democracy requires that historical analysis and theoretical reflection are developed together. The awareness of its own being in history builds an autonomous society. Thus, in order to understand the latter, it is necessary to interpret the work of history, its hidden legacies and illusory aspirations, and how these overlap and oppose each other within social realities.